NearPerfectParentheses - Maple Help
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Iterator

 NearPerfectParentheses
 generate positions of left-parentheses in pairs of nested parentheses

 Calling Sequence NearPerfectParentheses(n)

Parameters

 n - nonnegative integer

Options

 • compile = truefalse
 True means compile the iterator. The default is true.

Description

 • The NearPerfectParentheses command returns an iterator that generates all n-combinations of the integers $1..2n$ that represent the positions of left parentheses in a string of n-pairs of nested parentheses. For example, the string $"\left(\right)\left(\right)\left(\right)"$ is represented by $\left[1,3,5\right]$, while $"\left(\left(\left(\right)\right)\right)"$ is represented by $\left[1,2,3\right]$.
 • Adjacent combinations differ by a single index.

Methods

In addition to the common iterator methods, this iterator object has the following methods. The self parameter is the iterator object.

 • Number(self): return the number of iterations required to step through the iterator, assuming it started at rank one.

Examples

 > $\mathrm{with}\left(\mathrm{Iterator}\right):$

Generate the combinations of four pairs of nested parentheses.

 > $P≔\mathrm{NearPerfectParentheses}\left(4\right)$
 ${P}{≔}{\mathrm{NearPerfectParentheses}}{}\left({4}\right)$ (1)
 > $\mathrm{Print}\left(P,'\mathrm{showrank}'\right):$
 1: 1 3 5 7  2: 1 3 5 6  3: 1 3 4 6  4: 1 3 4 5  5: 1 3 4 7  6: 1 2 4 6  7: 1 2 4 5  8: 1 2 4 7  9: 1 2 3 6 10: 1 2 3 4 11: 1 2 3 5 12: 1 2 3 7 13: 1 2 5 6 14: 1 2 5 7

Compute the number of iterations.

 > $\mathrm{Number}\left(\mathrm{NearPerfectParentheses}\left(4\right)\right)$
 ${14}$ (2)

References

 Knuth, Donald Ervin. The Art of Computer Programming, volume 4, fascicle 4; generating all trees, sec. 7.2.1.6, generating all trees, algorithm N, near-perfect parentheses, p. 8.

Compatibility

 • The Iterator[NearPerfectParentheses] command was introduced in Maple 2016.
 • For more information on Maple 2016 changes, see Updates in Maple 2016.
 • The Iterator[NearPerfectParentheses] command was updated in Maple 2022.
 • The n parameter was updated in Maple 2022.