compute a Vector in the direction of the principal normal vector to a curve
PrincipalNormal(C, t, n)
free or position Vector or Vector valued procedure; specify the components of the curve
(optional) name; specify the parameter of the curve
(optional) equation of the form normalized=true or normalized=false, or simply normalized
The PrincipalNormal(C, t) command computes a Vector in the direction of the principal normal vector to the curve C. Note that this vector is not normalized by default, so it is a scalar multiple of the unit normal vector to the curve C. Therefore, by default, if C is a curve in R^3, the result is generally different from the output of TNBFrame(C, t, output=['N']).
If n is given as either normalized=true or normalized, then the resulting vector will be normalized before it is returned. As discussed above, the default value is false, so that the result is not normalized.
The curve C can be specified as a free or position Vector or a Vector valued procedure. This determines the returned object type.
If t is not specified, the function tries to determine a suitable variable name by using the components of C. To do this, it checks all of the indeterminates of type name in the components of C and removes the ones which are determined to be constants.
If the resulting set has a single entry, that single entry is the variable name. If it has more than one entry, an error is raised.
If a coordinate system attribute is specified on C, C is interpreted in that coordinate system. Otherwise, the curve is interpreted as a curve in the current default coordinate system. If the two are not compatible, an error is raised.
P1 ≔ PrincipalNormal⁡t→t,t2,t3:
P2 ≔ PrincipalNormal⁡t→t,t2,t3,normalized:
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